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East Midlands Branch Butterfly Conservation

Comma Polygonia c-album


The Comma is a common and widespread resident throughout England & Wales. It favours open woodland and woodland edges, and the second brood are often seen in gardens.


The Comma has a unique ragged outline, and gets its name from the distinctive white comma mark on the underwing.

Flight times

The Comma hibernates as an adult and usually emerges in March. These butterflies produce a brood which either develops quickly and flies in June/July, or develop more slowly emerging in late July/early August. The adults which emerge in June/July then produce a second brood which flies in late August/September.

Food plants

Eggs are laid singly on Hop or Common Nettle leaves.

Comma - © Simon Jenkins  picture of Comma butterfly

Distribution Maps for the East Midlands Region

Comma distribution map 2010
2010 Summary
No of tetrads 303
First sighting 16/03/2010
Last sighting 12/11/2010
Comma distribution map 2011
2011 Summary
No of tetrads 264
First sighting 07/03/2011
Last sighting 23/11/2011
Comma distribution map 2012
2012 Summary
No of tetrads 253
First sighting 01/03/2012
Last sighting 22/11/2012
Comma distribution map 2013
2013 Summary
No of tetrads 508
First sighting 02/03/2013
Last sighting 09/12/2013
Comma distribution map 2014
2014 Summary
No of tetrads 577
First sighting 02/03/2014
Last sighting 03/12/2014
Comma distribution map 2015
2015 Summary
No of tetrads 668
First sighting 14/02/2015
Last sighting 15/11/2015
Comma distribution map 2005-09

Combined records for the five year period 2005-09

Comma distribution map 2010-14

Combined records for the five year period 2010-14

Comparison of years 2005-09 & 2010-14

No Data


Photo Gallery


Comma © Christine Maughan


Comma © Christine Maughan


Comma © Simon Jenkins


Comma © Simon Jenkins

Comma Comma Comma Comma
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