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East Midlands Branch Butterfly Conservation

Peacock Inachis io


The Peacock is a common and widespread resident throughout England & Wales, and is expanding its range into Scotland. It favours sheltered woodland clearings and meadows, and is common in gardens, especially attracted by Buddleia flowers


The Peacock is one of our most easily recognised butterflies due to its large eye-spots on the corners of both front and hindwings. The underside is very dark to provide camouflage during hibernation.

Flight times

The Peacock hibernates as an adult and usually emerges in March, flying until June. The single new generation then emerges in mid-July until entering hibernation, often as early as September.

Food plants

Eggs are laid in large clusters on the underside of Nettle leaves.

Peacock - © Simon Jenkins  picture of Peacock butterfly

Distribution Maps for the East Midlands Region

Peacock distribution map 2010
2010 Summary
No of tetrads 454
First sighting 01/03/2010
Last sighting 12/11/2010
Peacock distribution map 2011
2011 Summary
No of tetrads 551
First sighting 18/01/2011
Last sighting 24/11/2011
Peacock distribution map 2012
2012 Summary
No of tetrads 412
First sighting 20/02/2012
Last sighting 23/12/2012
Peacock distribution map 2013
2013 Summary
No of tetrads 738
First sighting 03/01/2013
Last sighting 29/12/2013
Peacock distribution map 2014
2014 Summary
No of tetrads 922
First sighting 05/01/2014
Last sighting 31/12/2014
Peacock distribution map 2015
2015 Summary
No of tetrads 939
First sighting 04/01/2015
Last sighting 28/12/2015
Peacock distribution map 2005-09

Combined records for the five year period 2005-09

Peacock distribution map 2010-14

Combined records for the five year period 2010-14

Comparison of years 2005-09 & 2010-14

No Data


Photo Gallery


Peacock © Christine Maughan


Peacock © Christine Maughan


Peacock © Simon Jenkins


Peacock © Simon Jenkins

Peacock Peacock Peacock Peacock
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