Comma Polygonia c-album


The Comma is a common and widespread resident throughout England & Wales. It favours open woodland and woodland edges, and the second brood are often seen in gardens.


The Comma has a unique ragged outline, and gets its name from the distinctive white comma mark on the underwing.

Flight times

The Comma hibernates as an adult and usually emerges in March. These butterflies produce a brood which either develops quickly and flies in June/July, or develop more slowly emerging in late July/early August. The adults which emerge in June/July then produce a second brood which flies in late August/September.

Food plants

Eggs are laid singly on Hop or Common Nettle leaves.

Comma - © Simon Jenkins

Distribution Maps

Comma distribution map 2005-09
Comma distribution map 2010-14
Comma distribution map 2015-19
Comma distribution map 2015
2015 Summary
No of tetrads 668
First sighting 14/02/2015
Last sighting 15/11/2015
Comma distribution map 2016
2016 Summary
No of tetrads 530
First sighting 22/02/2016
Last sighting 15/11/2016
Comma distribution map 2017
2017 Summary
No of tetrads 732
First sighting 18/02/2017
Last sighting 15/11/2017
Comma distribution map 2018
2018 Summary
No of tetrads 770
First sighting 19/01/2018
Last sighting 13/11/2018
Comma distribution map 2019
2019 Summary
No of tetrads 872
First sighting 08/01/2019
Last sighting 09/11/2019

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