Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina

Habitat

The Meadow Brown is one of our most widespread and common butterflies. It is a butterfly of open grasslands, but intensification of farming has reduced its numbers in agricultural areas. If is also found in a wide variety of other habitats including woodland rides, roadside verges, dunes and wastelands.

Identification

The male is a plain chocolate brown butterfly with a tiny eye spot on the upper forewings. The female is larger and has a bright orange blaze on the forewing. In comparison with the Gatekeeper it usually has only one white pupil in the eye spot of the forewing. The underwing is characterised by having small black dots as opposed to the white dots of the Gatekeeper.

Flight times

The Meadow Brown has a single brood, but the variable rate of larval development leads to a long flight period between mid-June and mid-October.

Food plants

Eggs are laid or dropped among grasses including Sheep's Fescue and Annual Meadow-grass.

Meadow Brown
Meadow Brown - © Simon Jenkins

Distribution Maps

2005-2009
Meadow Brown distribution map 2005-09
2010-14
Meadow Brown distribution map 2010-14
2015
Meadow Brown distribution map 2015
2015 Summary
No of tetrads 789
First sighting 22/06/2015
Last sighting 01/10/2015
2016
Meadow Brown distribution map 2016
2016 Summary
No of tetrads 639
First sighting 07/06/2016
Last sighting 26/06/2016
2017
Meadow Brown distribution map 2017
2017 Summary
No of tetrads 677
First sighting 18/05/2017
Last sighting 10/10/2017

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